Black History Month or National African American History Month is an annual celebration of achievements by African Americans and a time for recognizing the central role of African Americans in U.S. history. Black History Month began in 1915, half a century after the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States.
While visiting family in Money, Mississippi, 14-year-old Emmett Till, an African American from Chicago, is brutally murdered. He was accused of whistling at Carolyn Bryant, a white woman who was a cashier at a grocery store. Four days later, Carolyn’s husband Roy and his half brother J.W. Milam kidnapped Till, made him carry a 75-pound cotton-gin fan to the bank of the Tallahatchie River. They ordered him to take off his clothes. The two men then beat him nearly to death, gouged out his eye, shot him in the head, and then threw his body, tied to the cotton-gin fan with barbed wire, into the river. The men were tried for murder, but an all-white, male jury acquitted them.